Importancia del desarrollo motor en relación con los procesos evolutivos del lenguaje y la cognición en niños de 3 a 7 años de la ciudad de Barranquilla (Colombia)

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Importancia del desarrollo motor en relación con los procesos evolutivos del lenguaje y la cognición en niños de 3 a 7 años de la ciudad de Barranquilla (Colombia)

Lilia Angélica Campo Ternera; Grupo Psicologìa educativa, Universidad Simòn Bolìvar

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Introducción: La varicela es una enfermedad viral aguda altamente contagiosa, de comienzo repentino, con fiebre moderada, síntomas generales, erupción cutánea de tipo maculopapular y vesicular; afecta principalmente a menores de 10 años. Objetivos: Describir el comportamiento de la varicela entre 2003/ 2007 en Pradera (Valle del Cauca).Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo producto de los registros del Sistema de Vigilancia en Salud Pública de Pradera, secundarios a la recolección de casos de varicela notificados por los prestadores de servicios de salud municipales semanalmente.Resultados: Se observó un incremento de 10 veces las tasas de varicela en 2006 respecto a 2003; afectó principalmente a menores de 1 a 4 años (14 veces), seguido de adultos jóvenes entre 15 a 44 años (13 veces) y de 45 a 59 años (9 veces); se enfermaron también personas de edades extremas (menores de un año - mayores de 60).Conclusiones: Por su alto poder epidémico la varicela requiere para su control y prevención la movilización de diferentes sectores poblacionales: salud, social y educación; es un evento que al no controlarse adecuadamente afecta a grupos poblacionales inhabituales (mayores de 15 años y menores de 1 año). Las estrategias de control y prevención implementadas entre las secretarías de Salud Municipal de Pradera y Departamental del Valle al parecer contribuyeron a mitigar la diseminación de este evento durante 2007.Palabras clave: Varicela, población escolar, enfermedad infectocontagiosa, brote, canales endémicos.AbstractIntroduction: Chickenpox is a acute viral illness highly contagious of sudden onset with mild fever, general symptoms, maculopapular rash and vesicular type, affecting mainly children under 10 years.Objectives: To describe the behavior of chickenpox between 2003 / 2007 in Padrera. (Valle del Cauca).Methods: A descriptive study was made of the records product Surveillance System in Public Health in Pradera secondary to the collection of cases of chickenpox reported by providers of municipal health services weekly.Results: We observed an increase of 10 times the rates for chickenpox in 2006 compared to 2003; this mainly affected children from 1 to 4 years (14 times), followed by young adults between 15 and 44 years (13 times) and 45 to 59 years (9 times); there were also people ill in extreme age (under one year - over 60).Conclusions: The Chickenpox by a high epidemic power required for control and preven­­tion mobilization of different sectors of the population: health, social and education; it is an event that when not controlling properly affects unusual population groups (older than 15 years and less than 1 year). The prevention and control strategies implemented between the Secretaries Local Health in Pradera and Department of Valle helped to mitigate further spread of this event in 2007.Key words: Chickenpox, scholar population, contagious disease, outbreak, en­­demic channel.AbstractIntroduction: Knowing the development sequentiality in the first years of children life establish appropriate intervention strategies.Objetive: The purpose of this paper is to determine the relationship between motor devel­­opment and the evolutionary process of language and cognition in children between school ages 3 to 7 in the city of Barranquilla.Materials and methods: Descriptive study with the participation of 223 children be­­tween ages 3 to 7 years, enrolled in six official educational institutions of the city of Bar­­ranquilla. The Battelle inventory was applied to evaluate the development in terms of the motor, cognitive and language areas.Results: The vast majority of the evaluated children were found in appropriate devel­­opment, although a significant group of the evaluated sample showed results below the expected standard for their age. The correlation of the variables: motor development, cog­­nition and language proof a positive relationship with high significance, which shows a bilateral relationship between these variables.Conclusions: The results show that a child with age expected motor acquisitions will also shows cognitive and language development according to their age. Thus, the development of conceptual and language difficulties related to a low motor development will represent a disadvantage compared to their peers.Key words: Child development, Motor activity, Motor skills, Psychomotor per­­formance, memory, Child language, Cognition.

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